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Found 105 results

  1. TGIF Furniture Polishes Some people feel the need to polish furniture. We’ll explore the options. There are a few things that cause finishes to deteriorate · Exposure to light · Oxidation · Physical damage –impact, scratches, water, foods, solvent, heat, body oils (acidic), chemicals Polishes, other than providing some light cleaning, don’t do much except make the surface a little slipperier to reduce scuffing. They can also make a nice smell, and to conceal surface damage, and provide some internal gratification that you (or the housekeeper) are doing something.. One thing you do want to do is to remove contaminants.* One particularly bad one is body oil that you see on the edges of desks and tables, and arms on backs of chairs. Its acidic content can degrade finishes over time, resulting in a gooey mess. Eventually if you try to remove the goo, you will remove "what used to be finish" down to the raw wood. There are five different types of polish for furniture 0. (What I always call the zero option) Do nothing. You don’t NEED to polish furniture 1. An oil, typically a petroleum distillate such as mineral oil. 2. An emulsion, a combination of oil and water 3. A silicone-based polish 4. Wax Do nothing Most of the world does not polish furniture. When finished, wood & finish does not need to be fed, moisturized have “essential oils replaced” or any other such misleading care. Polishes do not protect the finish from damage. For regular cleaning, just dust with a cloth and/or * clean with a dampened cloth, maybe with a bit of detergent. Oil These finishes are a lightweight oil that will provide some shine. The oil slowly evaporates away. These are clear polishes in the container and may be colored orange or yellow. Even if they are called orange oil or lemon oil, they are just petroleum products with some added color or scent. There is a product called d-Limonene that is an extract from citrus rinds and is a light solvent. Example products: Old English, a variety of products called Lemon Oil or Orange Oil. Emulsions These are mixtures of water and oil. In the container they have a milky appearance. The water helps do some cleaning and the oils stay behind after the water evaporates and evaporates at a slower rate. Example products: Guardsman, OZ, Endust Mini Science Lesson : The first rule of solvents is “likes dissolve likes.” That is, water is good at dissolving and cleaning water-based stains – sweat, food, general dirt & dust. Water is sometimes called “the universal solvent.” Oils dissolve greasy stains. (The chemical reason is that water is a polar solvent (has a negative and positive side) and oils (and petroleum distillates) are non-polar solvents. Most contamination is water-based. * Water-based cleaners will remove the body oils. Silicones Silicone is a slick oil that adds shine and lubricates the surface. Very slow evaporating. It can leave smudges when wiped with your finger. The worst problem, though, is it will wreak havoc on refinishing. You can’t get rid of all the oil, even when stripping and sanding and can cause fish-eyes when you apply a finish. Example products: Pledge (the most commonly used polish) Wax This was covered some in the TGIF on wax. Wax is the most time consuming to apply as you have to buff it off, but is the longest-lasting as it does not evaporate. It does little to do cleaning, but does add some lubrication. It is better at filling in scratches, crackling, or dings. Example products: Johnson’s Wax, Minwax, Trewax, Briwax Briwax contains toluene as a solvent that can damage some finishes.
  2. Often people beginning struggle with finishing. They find one that usually works, then use that one on everything, whether it's the best fit or not. Sort of like using the same tool for every operation. In fact some non-woodworkers tend to think of every finish as "polyurethane" (I've had customers say this to many times about their factory furniture.) https://www.woodmagazine.com/woodworking-tips/techniques/finishing/3finishes
  3. Well gang, we’ve made it to a Friday. In fact, the last Friday of this leap year month of February. Anybody out there born on a February 29th? My week has been divided between a couple of meetings and doing a whole lot of reading about ordinances, redevelopment and solid waste management. Pretty exciting stuff, huh. I have had some shop time though because I have a show in early May and I need stock. Thanks to @Fred W. Hargis Jr , I’ve been building a few cheese slicing boards and I also threw together a hickory coffee mill. So, Patriot Woodworkers, what’s on your weekend agenda?
  4. Well, it’s Friday again, folks. I’ve been in the shop working on stock (cutting boards and a coffee mill) for a May show but no pictures. I do have a picture to prove that I can clean up. I recently accepted a City Council position to complete the term of a friend that died while in office and I had to have my picture and contact info put on the city web site. If you have a rodent problem, cut, paste and print as needed. They will run. So, Patriot Woodworkers, what’s on your weekend agenda?
  5. Happy Valentine’s Day!!! I hope all of you have special plans for this special day. This has been basically a clean up week for me but I did manage to build a pair of flag cases. The large cherry case holds a flag that flew over the Capitol Building last July 4th. The smaller one I donated for an auction at a Lincoln Day dinner. It will hold a smaller flag that flew over the U. S. S. Arizona. So, Patriot Woodworkers, what’s on your weekend agenda?
  6. Welcome to Friday the 13th! John Moody is experiencing Friday the 13th up close and personal so I’ve volunteered to put up his Friday post. Seems his planer is still DOA and he has a bona fide electrician looking at it. I spent the week building a pair of 46” wide bookcases that hopefully (fingers crossed) can be delivered before Christmas. They’re built but need to be stained and finished. So gang, what’s on your Patriot Woodworker weekend agenda.
  7. My good friend John Moody is building for a show in a few weeks and is up to his eyeballs in sawdust so he asked me to submit his usual Friday post. I have a show next Saturday but I have enough stock so here goes. This is municipal elections in Indiana and since I’m on our county election board life gets a bit busy right now. In spite of that, I’ve been able to build a pair of rolling 4 foot islands for the local elks Lodge. Hopefully, they can be in place in the next ten days. No shop work tomorrow because my son and I are making a trip to South Bend to watch Notre Dame take on Virginia Tech. I sure hope they play better this week. So, what’s on your weekend agenda?
  8. Last Saturday we did a show near here. The weather was perfect and ladies came ready to buy. We also took orders for a specialty cutting board, a walnut tray, a cremains box (a dog), a very large waffle trivet and a small cabinet. Needless to say, it’s bee busy this week. Unfortunately, I have to be a pallbearer for a friend today but we’re going junkin’ tomorrow.’ So, whats on your weekend agenda?
  9. Here we are on the last day of May and it isn’t raining in Indiana.......yet. We have been deluged with rain for the past 6 weeks and the farmers here are in panic mode. I have a good friend that farms 3,000 acres and he has zero crops in the ground. This has been an interesting week. Sunday was race day and all weather forecasters predicted a rain shortened race. They were wrong. In fact, they got the whole race in. I’ve finished and installed a cabinet this week and today I’ve spent the whole day building a prototype keepsake box for a customer that wants 15 boxes built as a memorial to her 3 month old grandson who died suddenly. I found a piece of buried walnut to make the top from. My oldest granddaughter graduates high school Sunday so this weekend is chock full of graduation festivities. So, what’s on your Patriot Woodworker Weekend Agenda?
  10. Show season is upon us. I had one last Saturday and John Moody is setting up today for a large 3 day juried show in Florence, Alabama so he’s asked me to hang a post for him. I’ve spent the week running between grand-daughter school events as the school year closes down and the oldest one graduates in a couple of weeks. The only shop time I’ve had this week was dealing with quotes. I quoted a. Murphy bed, 15 keepsake boxes and polishing out a table for a local fire station. So, what’s on your Patriot Woodworker Weekend Agenda?
  11. Hey gang, welcome to the weekend. This is NRA convention weekend in Indiana but I was forced to stay home because I’ve been fighting a minor eye issue. I did get credentials though. I’ve been building some accessory cabinets for the local Elk’s lodge here in town and I just finished cabinet number 3 of 6. So, I have to ask, “Whats on your Patriot Woodworker agenda for the weekend?”
  12. I don't care much for it, but if you wish to engage in this (and it might just be a current fad). There are some ways to simulate it. https://www.familyhandyman.com/woodworking/how-to-make-your-own-barn-wood/?fbclid=IwAR2F_PJvolB7RU4HKeUJp9hz6OD4WZQMazed_RwCmvJNEZe6wpcJRhbYmXY&trkid=soc-fhm-facebook or a "weathered wood stain."
  13. Interesting article came across my feed this morning https://www.popularwoodworking.com/editors-blog/watco-waterlox-and-deft-are-known-by-their-brand-names-alone/?utm_content=buffere7d88&utm_medium=social&utm_source=facebook.com&utm_campaign=buffer&fbclid=IwAR3kn-ONW0oZr0mDJMZ0EQG4LIxZZ-WdB30d7VQzFejf1viTl8Ed85Ny4Mg Couple of comments: Watco. It has gone through a number of owners since the original, Watco-Dennis was sued because some idiot burned down his house due to spontaneous combustion of the rags and sued them. The last I looked at the SDS it was roughly 2/3 mineral spirits, 2/9 linseed oil, and 1/9 varnish. Some versions have coloring added. Waterlox. If you look at their web site, they consistently talk about "tung oil" almost everywhere except for one obscure page that says something like "What we make is a varnish. It has always been a varnish." They have some new lines of products that I've not looked into nor used yet. So maybe that has disappeared." Deft has introduced a new line of waterborne finishes and the top line is still "Deft Clear Wood Finish" and you have to read the tertiary lines to determine if it's the solvent- or water-borne versions. Ripe for one of those clickbait, "Only 4% of people can pass this test, can you?"
  14. kmealy


    Got sent some child's Windsor-style chairs that "had white paint smeared all over the seats." I don't know how old these are but since the church was started in 1894, I'm guessing they are about as old as I am. These were popular when I was a kid and was my very first refinishing project when I was about 14. Well, a quick rub with a "white ring remover cloth" showed that it was water in the (old) finish that blushed it. Very common with old lacquer or shellac. A padding with a cloth dampened in denatured alcohol cured the rest of the stains in no time. I should have taken a photo. (But I'll attach some before and after of a job I did a while back where the antique barrister's bookcase sat in a leaky moving van, under a mover's blanket on a hot summer week. Same procedure. Owner was worried it might need to be refinished "and destroy the antique value." Took about 10 minutes.) One of them was really loose in the joints and the DPR (dreaded prior repairer) had gone wild with Gorilla Glue. I hate that stuff when it comes to failed repairs.
  15. Here were are on the first day of March! The calendar says spring is on the way, the groundhog says that spring is on the way, but Mother Nature didn’t get the memo. We’re supposed to get 4 - 6 inches of the white stuff this weekend, but it is basketball sectional time in Indiana. Grandpa Dave will understand the previous statement. Speaking of basketball, our local team, the Blackford Bruins (22-4) take on the #1 ranked Delta Eagles (26 - 0) in the sectional tonight. Our Bruins have a Sophomore by the name of Luke Brown that is averaging 36 points a game and on track to breaking the state scoring record. Google it and watch his videos because he’s an amazing young man. As for woodworking, I’ve been trivet making this week and just started building a California king bed for a client. She’s not in a hurry and neither am I. So, what’s on your Patriot Woodworker Weekend Agenda?
  16. I spent about 4 hours yesterday wiping stain on three cabinets I'm building. I think there's about 7 sheets of plywood in there, plus some trim, and both insides and outsides and lots of little corners. I usually wipe on stains with a rag. That was working, but some of the surfaces had to be one vertically and there were lots of drips (luckily I had rosin paper and drop cloths down). To get into the concave crevices I finally got a foam brush. And about half-way through, I just started to use it on the vertical surfaces as it seemed to go faster. and fewer drips. But by the time I was done, it was pretty much shreds. While cleaning up, I remembered a tip to use a piece cut off a grout sponge. Duh! I had those in the next room where I keep finishes. I've used this for applying dyes but not for pre-canned stain. I'll remember that next time and save myself a lot of time and mess.
  17. A good comparison of linseed vs. tung oil One other difference is that if you apply subsequent coats of tung oil before what's there has fully cured, it will fog up and nothing will fix it except stripping and starting over. Be aware that many products are called Tung Oil Finish that are either linseed oil or linseed oil-varnish blends. If there is anything that looks like mineral spirits, aliphatic hydrocarbons, etc. in the SDS, it's probably the latter and not really tung oil. Blame the huckster Homer Formby for starting this massive mis-representation. On another forum this week someone asked about finish for a wooden cup. One responder recommended "organic flaxseed oil." I don't think he realized two things: - this is just another name for raw linseed oil, that the article states takes weeks to cure - that after a few weeks of curing, linseed oil has 0 moisture excluding efficiency See chart 16-3
  18. A collection of articles by Woodsmith on finishing. My only caution is that "pre-stain conditioners" don't always work as advertised, or as shown in the example. I just saved you $7.95
  19. Here is an article on cold weather finishing. Note that it is supplied by a vendor so they lean toward their product. Remember that finishes "cure" by one of three methods Evaporation of the solvent (spaghetti) lacquer, shellac, and wax Chemical reaction with oxygen (tinkertoys) varnishes (that also contains a dilutent that evaporates off first) and oils Bonding of large molecules that have been softened (soccer balls) water borne The first dry fast (minutes) but to fully cure take a bit longer, the second and third get solid in a few hours, but can take up to 21 days to fully cure. Note that most chemical reactions double their speed with every 18F (10C) rise in temperature, conversely take twice as long when temperature drops, or may stop completely.
  20. A decent article on some furniture repair. This seems to work best on heavily colored finishes. https://www.ronhazelton.com/projects/how_to_repair_broken_corners_on_furniture?utm_source=Ron's+Weekly+Newsletter&utm_campaign=9a1da10e2d-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2019_02_03_12_43&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_39db751e08-9a1da10e2d-21654377 Is it too obvious that Minwax is a sponsor? There are much better touch up products -- Mohawk, Guardsman, etc. Lacquer based. I've done a few of these. I had a dog chew up a big section of base molding on a buffet cabinet once. It took several layers and a lot of carving and shaping to get it all back to looking good. When I showed it to the customer for approval, he said, "Wow, you sure got the color right." OK, 45 minutes of Bondo and shaping and a couple of minutes of spraying on a toner. Whatever, I'll take it.
  21. The big big thaw is on in east central Indiana! It’s a balmy 17 degrees and I suspect the robins will be flying in at any time. Last night the temps began to rise and we got 5 inches of snow. The coldest we got this week was -17 but it was bearable because I keep my shop heated. This week I had 2 major accomplishments other than staying warm. Last Monday, I braved the snow and picked up a Dewalt 735 planer 5hat I bought and I managed to complete a mantle for a client. I’ll install it next week and add a bit of trim to match. So, Patriot Woodworker’s, what’s on your weekend agenda?
  22. This was an oft-referenced article on Wood, then Steve's store,Hardwood Lumber & More, then Steve's personal site, all of which have gone away. I hope this is fair use: PAINT ON A CLEAR EXTERIOR FINISH By steve@AskHLM.com on 3/22/2014 Paint On A Clear Exterior Finish We woodworkers (especially when it comes to finishing) are creatures of habit; we use the finishes we use because they are the finishes that we have always used. But, from time to time it's good to step back and examine old "truths" just to see if they really are true. The use of marine varnish to finish exterior elements in non-marine applications is one of those "truths" that has long needed to be revisited. That is the purpose of this article. Several years ago when I began participating in the WOOD Magazine Finishing & Refinishing Forum we regularly saw questions from homeowners and others asking for advice on the best way to finish exterior doors, especially those exposed to the weather and subject to high UV. The options then were Helmsman Spar Urethane (and its polyurethane look-alike competitors), expensive marine varnish, and exterior paint. Over the years little has changed except that, thankfully, more and more woodworkers today understand just how poorly any finish that contains urethane resin will perform when exposed to UV. Even with only partial exposure to direct sunlight polyurethane will fail quickly, often peeling like a bad sunburn before the end of even a single season. Marine varnish, then as now, was the recommendation of choice offered by a number of contributors. There is no arguing that quality marine varnishes will outperform polyurethane "spar varnishes" if UV resistance is the only objective. But, good marine varnish is very expensive; and, in reality it offers no reprieve from regular, on-going maintenance. You must still tend to the finish every year in full-sun environments; you must inspect, sand damaged areas, and recoat. Further, even those who regularly recommend marine varnish products will tell you that a minimum of 5 or 6 coats is required to obtain the full benefit of these finishes. So, not only are you applying two to three times more varnish; you are applying a product that costs two to three times more, and your maintenance schedule is unchanged. Further, it is important to understand that marine varnish is "long-oil" varnish; varnish that is softer and much less resistant to moisture in the form of water-vapor than regular or "short-oil" varnish. Moisture movement into and out of the wood with seasonal changes in relative humidity is every bit of destructive to joinery as UV is to wood. These quality marine varnishes are excellent finishes in their intended environment. If I owned a wooden boat I would use nothing else. But, we are not talking about maintaining a boat; our objective is to apply a durable finish to a front door and to use a finish that will offer maximum protection along with minimum maintenance. Quality oil-based exterior paint, sans the pigment, is ideally suited to this application. Exterior oil-based paint, after all, is little more than exterior oil-based varnish with a lot of pigment added. Remove the pigment and you have a very durable exterior varnish with additives that benefit the finish on your front door. These additives, intended to discourage insects such as wasps and wood boring bees, and prevent the growth of mold and mildew, would be useless in a marine environment; but, we aren't talking about a marine environment. We are talking about your front door. With this as a background permit me to introduce you to my friend Jim Kull. Jim was the owner of a successful refinishing shop in Southern California prior to his retirement and move to Texas. His retirement gave him a bit more time to experiment so he conducted and posted the results of the following test on the WOOD Magazine Finishing & Refinishing Forum where he served as the host. When Jim decided to step down from his host duties he was instrumental in my becoming host of that forum.Here then is Jim Kull's original post edited slightly for clarity: "In a recent post my friend, Steve (Mickley), made reference to my tests of doggie sprinkling on exterior finishes. I figure after almost a year of testing it is time to post some interesting discoveries. As a preface, allow me to set the stage. Almost daily there is a posting about clear, exterior finishes for doors, chairs, signs and such. Responses run the gamut from diehard marine finishes to apply a coat of primer and then paint. Each of these has a bit of a problem. Marine finishes are not always the easiest to find, and it grieves me to think of a lovely oak, teak, mahogany, fir, redwood or similar nice wood door painted in mauve goop. Bob (from Florida) inspired me with his continuing and accurate statements about the failings of a clear coat and the advantages of a good quality exterior paint. I decided after lots of reflection that he really was right but there was always the picture of mauve in my mind. So, how could one take advantage of his advice and yet capitalize on the beauty of a nice wood? I began to reflect on the characteristics of paint. Now comes the boredom... There were several things I knew about paint: Exterior paints contain a mildewcide and a fungicide that a (marine) varnish does not. The best quality paints will contain a UV (inhibitor) and trans-oxide pigments in very high percentages. Almost all paint is custom mixed by the store. The retailer maintains a large supply of base products that are used to achieve the desired color. There are generally four base products and the specific one for your paint is determined by your color choice. These base products are either named or numbered. They are named pastel, deep, tint and neutral. If numbered it is cleverly 1, 2, 3 and 4 with the exception of Olympic who numbers 1, 2, 3 and 5. Olympic is unaware that "4" comes before "5". Pastel and/or 1 is virtually a pure white and used for the lightest of colors. The others are slightly color altered from white and more translucent than pastel. These are used for succeeding deeper colors. All of this comes to neutral, 4 and/or 5. These are clear and used for (mixing) the darkest colors. In the can they are somewhat opaque but dry more or less clear. Now comes the testing. I bought 4 oak exterior doors. Each door was given one coat of the same MinWax Stain. On 3 of the doors, I applied 2 coats of "base" to the 6 sides of each door (3 coats on the top and bottom edges). Each of these three doors had a different type of exterior neutral, 4 or 5 base. The fourth door was finished with a consumer "spar" varnish from my local friendly paint/hardware store. The bases for the 3 painted doors were an exterior semi-gloss acrylic, an exterior semi-gloss oil-based polyurethane floor paint, and a semi-gloss oil-based trim and siding paint. The doors were set up, slightly inclined, in mostly direct sunlight under a pecan tree in the backyard. (My wife just loved that one.) Daily, the sprinklers managed to hit the doors. The birds in the pecan tree used the doors for target practice. And, yes, the dogs did anoint the doors on a regular basis. My blonde Cocker, Zazu, was particularly enamored with the doors. Over the course of the test the doors experienced lots of Texas sunlight, rain and snow. The temperature went from below freezing to over 100. The advantage to the inclined position of the doors was the snow, ice, water from the sprinklers and the rain tended to collect in the raised panel areas. I feel these doors were subjected to far more severe environmental conditions than would be expected from normal use. The results were interesting. The "spar" varnish (initially) looked fabulous; but, after about 2 weeks it began to develop small cracks. In rapid order the door began to turn black, started to mold and the smell was enough to knock a buzzard off of a manure wagon. The water-based acrylic is milky in the can like a water-based poly. It dried to a more or less water clear surface but was a bit cloudy. It tended to wash out the stain a bit. Over time it became cloudier and ultimately become almost white. But, it remained solid and protected the wood. The oil-based bases are also a bit opaque in the can but dried to a clear finish that is almost identical to a spar varnish - they added an amber tone to the doors. Both the oil-based poly floor paint and the oil-based trim and siding paint remained "clear" over the entire test period. The testing came to an end with a bit of encouragement. My wife said something clever like,"Get those damned doors out of the backyard!" She does not understand science. The floor poly had some minor checking and a thinned coat of the same base over the surface made that disappear. The door with the oil-based trim and siding paint was perfect, other than it had lost a bit of the gloss. So, I am with Bob - paint the door. My preference is the oil-based products. If you are predisposed to a water-based use an acrylic rather than latex. One thing you will find when you go out shopping for your product is a lack of knowledge on the part of the salesperson. Not many of these folk are aware that their neutral or 4 base will dry clear. If you want to have some fun, spring it on them. They will suggest you are full of Donkey Dust. Ask them to shake a can and put some on a stir stick. Dry it and voila, it is clear." Jim Kull One final admonition; if you decide to try the paint solution you must understand that you are applying it like varnish, not like paint. Use a good natural fiber brush, keep your coats thin, (emphasis added; keep the coats thin! We recommend thinning with paint thinner to improve flow-out and leveling.) and brush the paint-base out into a thin, uniform film. If you apply the paint-base too heavily you will get a cloudy finish. Addendum to Earlier Article Several important things have changed since this article was originally written. Perhaps the most important development has been the advent of low VOC products. Many of the oil-based exterior paints still on the market have been reformulated to meet the more stringent VOC requirements. While these products will still work it is important to understand that thinning these products introduces new requirements. The low VOC paint bases can not be thinned with mineral spirits/paint thinner. You must thin with naphtha. If you do not; if you attempt to thin with traditional mineral spirits/paint thinner the finish will remain tacky literally for days and will never cure properly. The second and somewhat more frustration development is that oil-based products are becoming more and more difficult to find. They are available, primarily in paint stores that cater to the trade; but, they will require more searching, possible even beyond city, county or even state borders. The oil-based paint bases remain superior. Even though some water-borne finishes will work they simply will not last as long. Copyright 2003-2010 Steve Mickley, Copyright 2007-2010 Hardwood Lumber & More…Ltd. All rights reserved. No unauthorized reproduction of any images or content without permission. All logos are Copyrights of their respective companies. Author steve@AskHLM.com Copyright 2014 by Ask HLM
  23. Here we are on the first Friday of a brand new year. I trust everyone survived all of the New Year’s festivities. I wonder how long it will take us to write 2019 instead of 2018....... This year rings in with a full range of shop activities for yours truly. Tomorrow, I have an appointment to measure a semi circular mantle for a home renovation here in town. It should be challenging but fun. I have a California king bed to build and a pair of cherry bookcases for a local dentist’s office. So, Happy New Year! What’s on you Patriot Woodworker Weekend Agenda?
  24. John Moody is on the road today so I’m filling in. Last weekend, we did a large holiday show on Saturday. It was a 7 hour show with 168 vendors and over 2700 people came through the doors. We did very well at the show AND I was able to get a piece delivered this week that I had been building. Right now I'm building 6” cheese boards since I sold 32 of them last Saturday. Tomorrow we have a charity auction to attend and rest on Sunday. So, what’s on your weekend Agenda?
  25. Can you believe that we’re into November already? The good news is that in 5 days we can retake our televisions from the politicians. As I’ve mentioned before, I’m on the local election board so this is a very busy season for me. This afternoon is poll worker training and Monday is traveling board to vote the shut ins and Tuesday is the general election. I’ve been building a unit for a customer and today was stain day. Hopefully, I can shoot the first coat of Endurovar Sunday afternoon. It is scheduled to be picked up on the 14th. I think I may make it. The pix are with stain only. so tell me, what’s on Your Weekend Agenda?
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